Tempera painting

Tempera painting

Collected icons are mainly formed in the first years of Soviet power at the closing of many churches and monasteries. The museum received a few. Many works at the time had been lost, some were in the museums of Moscow and St. Petersburg. Yet the most valuable objects of religious art became exhibits of Murom museum.

The collection is not so great when compared with the collections of many ancient cities, where tens of thousands of works are stored. In Murom she has three hundred icons of XIV - beginning of XX century. However Muromskoye collection of ancient art is one of the most significant and original in central Russia. In recent years it has increasingly attracted the attention of researchers.

The most ancient and valuable icon in the museum - "Nicholas» XIV century. Wonderful way to the revolution was in the church of St. Nicholas Wet and was considered miraculous. This is one of the earliest works of art of Ancient Russia of the classical period. It is written powerfully and freely. Leake St. affects harsh expression. In the era of Dionysius particularly prevalent veneration of the image of Our Lady of Hodegetria. Master wrote a wonderful icon of the Virgin Hodegetria to the monastery in Ferapontovo. It differs from the usual image so that the right hand of the Virgin Mary is folded in a gesture of blessing. This the type of icon - "Hodegetria" of the late XV (?) - The second half of the XVI century, comes from Murom Nikolozaryadskoy church. She begins a series of icons of Our Lady Hodegetria of the XVI century in Murom. These images are majestic and aristocratic. Restorers "we uncovered" a great icon of "Our Lady Hodegetria of Smolensk" middle of the XVI century. Heavenly Lady solemnly appears in the glow of a smooth golden background. Perfectly preserved layer of the original painting, executed in the classical tradition of painters of the capital.

"Opening" icon restorers "Hodegetria Shuyskaya" middle of the XVI century, it became a sensation. It is lively and written directly by local craftsman, draws naivety in the supply of images and bright multi-color color.

It survived quite a large number of icons Murom XVII century. Among the most interesting and unusual hagiographic icons of local saints, which are presented in the centerpiece of their images, and stamps in detail "tell" events from their lives. A peculiar emblem of the city of Murom was a large icon "Peter and Fevronia in the life of" the end of XVI - early XVII century. It offers a rare iconography and unusual shape (stretched horizontally). Icons placed on the tomb of saints in Murom Cathedral of the Nativity of the Virgin. Instead of the traditional way of the saints in the middle of the image of the icon given to the Kremlin Murom Oka river in the foreground, in which the big fish swim. Inside the Kremlin Chamber depicted the complex architecture and key scenes of "The Tale", the traditional image of saints replaced by a small icon on the facade of Murom five-domed cathedral, the altar of which are shown lying in a "single" coffin Peter and Fevronia. Around forty intermediary marks, with scenes of the lives. The icon has bright, warm colors. Clear and bright colors are the centerpiece, where stand out pale ocher walls of the Kremlin with a lot of the black apertures of loopholes; red, pink, brown, green buildings cathedral and chambers; blue river in the shallow shores of the red-brown rocky "slides". Hallmarks visually blend into the overall mixed picture. In general, this product produces an unusually vivid impression, creating a festive mood. Moore presented here as an ideal ancient Russian castle, a special holy place, reminiscent of the heavenly Jerusalem. The icon painter was able to show the same view is not the real, but the fairytale city of Murom, which is reflected in the local tales and legends.

The second icon "Peter and Fevronia in the Life" was written in 1618 by order of the magistrates Murom Andrei Fedorovich PALITSYNA known historical figure, "the Russian intelligentsia of the XVII century", also for Murom Mother of God Cathedral. It is a classic example of Old Russian hagiographic icons. Icon stretched vertically. The rectangular centerpiece - Peter and Fevronia in prayer saved. Around thirty-two stamps with scenes of the lives. This work is a sense of peace, the world plunges into contemplation of images. Its color is not so bright, balanced tone in harmony. Dominated by white, red, black, green, yellow and pink colors. Figures of all the characters of elongated proportions, facial features are beautiful and expressive marks compositions constructed simply, accurately and easily, without distracting details. Heroes are shown in a peculiar dynamics, as if frozen in an instant. Rhythmically repetitive architectural details, poses and gestures of the characters, colorful colors create a specific system, consonant muzyke.Avtor this icon with a focus not fabulous and household details, and display a virtuous life and miracles Murom saints, their glorification.

Deesis Tier. Beginning of the XVIII century.